CBD 101

CBD + Endocannabinoid System

CBD stands for cannabidiol, and is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in cannabis (marijuana) behind the better-known THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). While CBD is an essential component of medical cannabis, it can also be derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the cannabis plant. CBD may be a component of cannabis (one of many different cannabinoids), it does not directly cause psychoactive effects.

CBD has been shown to help a variety of health issues, but is commonly used to address pain caused by inflammation, help mitigate anxiety, and has been shown to help people suffering from insomnia by helping them with their quality of sleep.

Additionally, STB introduces other minor cannabinoids found in hemp with non-psychoactive properties like CBD. STB products contain cannabinol (CBN) and cannabigerol (CBG); both have shown to provide positive physiological benefits that help support homeostasis.

Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system first discovered in the late ’80s and early ’90s. The ECS is largely composed of endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes that are believed to help regulate a variety of functions in humans including sleep, mood, memory, appetite, reproduction, and pain sensation.

To better understand the human ECS it’s important to understand homeostasis. Homeostasis is the concept that most biological systems are actively regulated to maintain conditions within a narrow range. The human body regulates itself to ensure that temperatures are not too hot or too cold, blood sugar levels too high or too low, and so on. Conditions need to be just right for our cells to maintain optimum performance. The body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a vital molecular system for helping maintain homeostasis.

Humans have two main cannabinoid receptor systems; CB1 and CB2. Both receptor systems are part of the nervous system and the peripheral nervous system, and play a role in maintaining homeostasis. CB1 receptors are found in the brain and spinal cord. Some studies have shown that CB1 receptors play a role in mood, sleep, and pain sensation. CB1 receptors, when activated, are believed to have neuroprotective benefits. CB2 receptors have been shown to mediate cell activity and, when activated, may help reduce inflammation.